English iN a fuN waY~~

vERb : pARt 2


The Present Continuous Tense is used for :
1. Actions which are happening at or around the moment of speaking.
Now I am doing the washing up.
She is working very hard nowadays .

2. Temporary situations.
I am staying with a friend at the moment.

3. Changing or developing situations.
His English is getting better .
It is getting colder .

4. Fixed arrangements in the near future.
They are getting married next week .

1) Actions were in progress at special time in the past
Peter was reading a book yesterday evening.

2) two actions were happening at the same time (the actions do not influence each other)
Anne was writing a letter while Steve was reading the New York Times.

3) together with the Simple Past
While we were sitting at the breakfast table, the telephone rang.

4) repeated actions irritating the speaker (with always, constantly, forever)
Andrew was always coming in late.

Future progressive tense is used to indicate action which will be taking place at some time in the future.
1. I will be watching a football match next Sunday afternoon.
2. We will be working on our project this morning..
3. When you arrive, I’ll be sleeping .
4. I will be leaving in a few minutes.
5. We will be working tomorrow morning.

1. The present perfect is used when the time period has not finished.
I have seen three movies this week.
(This week has not finished yet)

2. The present perfect is often used when the time is not mentioned.
Gerry has failed his exam again.

3. The present perfect is often used when the time is recent.
Ikuko has just arrived in Victoria.

4. The present perfect is often used with for and since.
Greg has lived here for 20 years.
Greg has lived here since 1978.

1. A completed action before another action in the past
The first use of this tense is to emphasize that one action in the past happened before another action in the past.
I had finished my homework before I went playing football.
John had never been to London before we went there last year.

2. Third conditional
Use the Past Perfect with third conditional sentences.
If we had gone by taxi, we wouldn’t have been late.
If Mary had studied harder, she would have passed the exam.

3.Reported speech
Use the Past Perfect with sentences in reported speech.
Mary said she had already seen this film.
He asked if I had read Harry Potter.

4. Dissatisfaction with the Past
We often use the Past Perfect to show our dissatisfaction with the past. Such sentences typically start with “I wish …” or “If only …”.
I wish I had taken more food. I’m hungry now.
If only I had taken more food. I’m hungry now.

1) Completed Action Before Something in the Future
The Future Perfect expresses the idea that something will occur before another action in the future. It can also show that something will happen before a specific time in the future.

a) By next November, I will have received my promotion.
b) By the time he gets home, she is going to have cleaned the entire house.

2) Duration Before Something in the Future (Non-Continuous Verbs)
With Non-Continuous Verbs and some non-continuous uses of Mixed Verbs, we use the Future Perfect to show that something will continue up until another action in the future.

a) I will have been in London for six months by the time I leave.
b) By Monday, Susan is going to have had my book for a week.



1.Talks about how long you have been doing something you started in the past and still continue now.

2.Use SINCE with a specific time. Use FOR with a length of time.


Untitled Mary has been studying English since 1992.
Untitled The kids have been running for 15 minutes.
Untitled Karen has been singing all morning.
Untitled The students have been practicing the play since last month.




Use the past perfect continuous to talk about longer actions or situations which started before and continued up to a point in the story.

un She had been studying for hours when she found out the exam was cancelled.
un They had been talking about the details of the party for a couple of hours , so when I asked them whether they wanted a break, they all agreed.



We use the Future Perfect Continuous to show that something will continue up until a particular event or time in the future. “For five minutes,” “for two weeks,” and “since Friday” are all durations which can be used with the Future Perfect Continuous.

Untitled They will have been talking for over an hour by the time Thomas arrives.
Untitled She is going to have been working at that company for three years when it finally closes.
Untitled James will have been teaching at the university for more than a year by the time he leaves for Asia.

Using the Future Perfect Continuous before another action in the future is a good way to show cause and effect.


Untitled Jason will be tired when he gets home because he will have been jogging for over an hour.
Untitled Claudia’s English will be perfect when she returns to Germany because she is going to have been studying English in the United States for over two years.



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