This is what we learned today..NOUNS!
SINGULAR NOUNS : A Singular noun means one item only.
PLURAL NOUNS : The plural form of most nouns is created simply by adding the letter ‘s’ to the end of the word.
But there are some exceptions:-
Nouns that end in -ch, -x, -s, -sh add ‘-es’ to the end of the word.
box – boxes
boss – bosses
bush – bushes
church – churches
gas – gases
Most nouns ending in -o preceded by a consonant also form their plurals by adding ‘-es’ .
potato – potatoes
tomato – tomatoes
volcano – volcanoes
However, many newly created words and words with a Spanish or Italian origin that end in -o just add an ‘s’.
photo – photos | piano – pianos
Nouns that end in a single ‘z’, add ‘-zes’ to the end of the word.
quiz – quizzes
Nouns ending in a consonant + y, drop the y and add ‘-ies’.
party – parties | lady – ladies
Most nouns ending in ‘is’, drop the ‘is’ and add ‘-es’.
crisis – crises | hypothesis – hypotheses | oasis – oases
Most nouns ending in -f or -fe, drop the f and add ‘ves’.
calf – calves | half – halves | wolf – wolves
ABSTRACT NOUNS : These are words used to name non-physical things. These include feelings, states of mind, concepts etc.
a) The highway was blocked by an accident.
b) It was an iceberg that sank the Titanic.
c) He found his grandfather’s journal in the old desk.
d) I skinned my knee when I fell of my bike.
e) We need a lantern for our camping trip.
GENDER NOUNS : There are four types of gender nouns in English.
Masculine gender nouns: words for men, boys, and male animals
Feminine gender nouns : words for women, girls and female animals
Common gender nouns: nouns that are used for both males and females.
Neuter gender nouns: words for things that are not alive.